The Maritime and Port Bureau (MPB) of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) announced today (16) that it has taken the initiative to make a friendly maritime environment and reduce risk of accident. Actions include the establishment of 14 bases and 19 navigation stations in the Automatic Identification System (AIS) and providing dynamic status information for ships within 20 nautical miles of Taipei, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. In addition, in compliance with the International Cospas-Sarsat Programme Agreement (ICSPA), the MPB has increased efficiency of search and rescue; it has initiated establishment of MEOSAT terminals, which have already entered the test operational phase. Such efforts have contributed to enhancing the safety of maritime routes.
The MPB said in a statement that the AIS complies with standards from the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA) by incorporating modern technologies to assist ships in identifying bearing and position, which thereby reduce the risk of collision and contamination of the marine environment. The AIS includes electronic navigation and virtual buoy navigation assistance functionality; it also provides dynamic and static vessel status reporting, route tracking response, transportation flow analysis, and emergency alerts for route deviation and ship grounding; finally, it provides applications for maritime investigations.
Coordinating with the establishment of navigation facilities for AIS, the MPB amended the Ship Equipment Regulations last year (2018), requiring that all vessels types with payloads of 20 tonnes or more must equip AIS transponders. For fishing vessels, the implementation is made per stage according to the plan of the Fisheries Agency. It is expected that AIS shore stations will soon be able to obtain dynamic status information on approx. 2,500 active Taiwanese ships. Overall, this will enhance the management of maritime routes and strengthen search and rescue for maritime incidents.
Also, enhancing the safety of maritime routes and bettering international cooperation, Taiwan has participated in the Cospas-Sarsat under the name of the International Telecommunication Development Corporation (ITDC), and has established MEOSAT terminals, to maintain the normal operations of the search and rescue system and form a solid mechanism for mutual international aid in search and rescue efforts.
The MCC, part of the terminal establishment plan, and hard-software systems for the MEOLUT were completed at the end of 2018; these facilities have now entered the test operation phase. The system is currently able to stably receive each type of warning information from beacons within the territory and monitor the coordinate position of beacons; its applicable range of reception is a radius of 8,000 km, and it can receive emergency beacon signals from—as well as determine the position of—distressed ships every 10 minutes. This is vastly superior to the 1.5 hours required by low-earth-orbit satellite systems in current use.
Contact Person: Maritime Safety Division Section Chief Liu Zheng-shan
Contact Number: 02-89788098 0972-820100